Migraines are a burning health problem and afflicts as many as 1 in 10 people. Officially named Migraine Syndrome, it is described as a one-sided, throbbing headache. Unfortunately, it also often comes along with nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Many people experience blind spots, blurred vision, bright or zig zag lights in the eyes right before a migraine comes on. Some people may also start yawning excessively and experience mild confusion.
In Ayurveda, migraine is a condition known as Suryavarta. Surya means “the sun” and avarta means “affliction or blockage”. In Ayurvedic texts, it’s described as a headache that starts around sunrise. The intensity increases until mid-day and naturally subsides near sunset.
Suryavarta is discussed in Caraka Samhita Siddhi Sthana chapter 9, which deals with disorders in three vital organs: the heart, head, and bladder. According to Caraka, Suryavarta is mainly caused from withholding natural urges (such as bowel movements) and indigestion, which leads to the vitiation of rakta and vata in the region of the head.
Ayurveda recommends shodana to eliminate the morbid dosa when treating chronic migraines, followed by pacification of the dosas. Caraka states the following therapies are best for managing Suryavarta.
Many of the jeevaniya group of herbs are no longer available and the following substitutions have been made in Bhavaprakasa Nighantu.
As Suryavarta is purely a vata-dominant disorder, all treatments such as ghrita pana, ghrita nasya, shiro pichu and shirobasti are beneficial. If the condition is associated with Raktavrita vata, then shiravyadha is the most beneficial. This condition may possibly be correlated with Trigeminal neuralgia, based on the location of the pain. Shiravyadha at the temporal area is of utmost benefit in neuralgic headaches.
Sneha nasya is administered for vata aggravation and ruksha nasya is administered for kaphaja aggravation. If this indication is ignored then complications may occur.
Shatavaryadi Ghritam is an Ayurvedic ghee effective for many disorders afflicting vata and pitta. This product is useful for managing Suryavarta and is best when taken after meals. The main ingredients are Cow's ghee, Satavari, and Svadamstra.
Kshirabala (101) is an Ayurvedic oil indicated for vata disorders that cause neuromuscular pain. This product is recommended for Suryavarta and can be used daily as Pratimarsha nasya. The ingredients are Tila taila, Bala, and Cow’s milk.
Balahatadi Oil is an Ayurvedic head oil used externally for relieving chronic migraines. This product balances both vata and pitta dosa, with its powerful anti-inflammatory properties and helps reduce headaches caused by tension and stress, dizziness, and insomnia. The main ingredients are Tila taila, Bala, Hatha, Amrita, Mudga, and Masha.
Kadaliphaladi Oil is an Ayurvedic head oil used externally for supporting the relief of chronic migraines, headaches, stress, and insomnia. This herbal oil is an effective cooling relaxant and balances pitta dosa. The main ingredients are Tailam, Kadaliphaladi, Masha, Cow milk, and Sasi.
Pathyakshadhatryadi Kashayam is an Ayurvedic product that relieves headaches of various causes, tooth aches, eye disorders including shortsightedness, night blindness and cataract. The main ingredients are Pathya, Aksha, Dhathri, Bhunimba, Nisa, Nimba, and Amrita.
Migrakot Tablet is a powerful anti-emetic, analgesic, vaso-relaxation with cooling properties that helps relieve migraines. This product supports the nervous system, strengthens the senses, and balances all three dosas, especially pitta. The main ingredients are Pathya, Aksha, Dhathri, Bhunimba, Nisa, Nimba, and Amrita (same as Pathyakshadhatryadi Kashyam).
Migrakot Oil is an Ayurvedic herbal oil specially formulated for immediate use as a non-greasy and non-sticky application. This product helps reduce migraine and headaches and is balancing for both vata and kapha dosa. The main ingredients are Bala, Hatha, Amrita, Mudga, Masha, Chandana, Yashti, Rasna, and Tila taila.
Kumarya Asavam is an Ayurvedic supplement that supports pitta and rakta dosa, liver disorders, menstrual cycle and menopause, and anemia. The main ingredients are Guda, Makshika honey, Kumari rasa, and Loham.
Suryavarta is a common troubling complaint for many people. It is thought for some people it may be hereditary, for others it is from poor quality foods and/or irregular eating habits. Stress plays a significant role, as well as staying awake at night, traveling, chemicals and synthetic scents, smoking and alcohol. A well-disciplined lifestyle is recommended to help keep Suryavarta from reoccurring.
Original source: Dr JV Hebbar, EasyAyurveda.com
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